frankilin roosevelt

It's not about being liberal or conservative anymore y'all. That is a hype offered by the fascist whores who want to confuse the people with lies while they turn this country into an aristocratic police state. Some people will say anything to attain power and money. There is no such thing as the Liberal Media, but the Corporate media is very real.

Check out my old  Voice of the People page.

Gino Napoli
San Francisco, California
High School Math Teacher

Loyalty without truth
is a trail to tyranny.

a middle-aged
George Washington

1582 POSTS

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Monday, 10 January 2005 at 1h 15m 12s

The watching television disease

Ladies ... and .... gentlemen .... do not miss tonight's world premiere showing of The Spice is Life, that great all American TV show where you get to waste your life sitting on your bottom staring at the oncoming sounds and changes in light patterns, all of it falling into and across your mind, giving you the freedom to see and hear, rather than perceive and listen.

The spice of life is somewhere on the hundreds of stations out there, cheap laughs and morality plays dancing before you with nary an effort on your part. All you have to do is have a pair of eyes and ears, but you don't need to use them, because your brain automatically takes over once the mind is inundated with sound and light, that comes so rapid and swift that you don't have time to decide what to filter out. But relax, your subconscious id takes over and does that for you.

Train yourself to become accustomed to being entertained, rather than entertaining yourself. Sit there and watch, instead of developing skills and knowledge. Then, convince yourself that you are becoming wise and intelligent by whatever the TV brings to your palette. Learning, you see, occurs when you pay attention to the filtered presentation of light and sound. We learn to glean knowledge from these external imprints of light and sound, rather than pull from our own internal resources an image or mental association. When you read, your mind produces an image; when you watch your mind only stores a replica or a reminder that the image existed. When you hear, your mind interprets, but you don't get to ask questions or reinterpret from a medium that allows no interaction. There is no feedback or interaction possible from the Television.

And when we get used to the habits of storing incoming lights and sounds, when we get used to non-interactive learning, we become non-responsive automatons.

Saturday, 8 January 2005 at 2h 41m 45s

Environmental collapse

You know, I was reading a book review in the New Yorker earlier this week. The author, Jared Diamond, has written another anthropological treatise that will probably rival his prior masterpiece, Guns, Germs, and Steel. According to the review, Mr. Diamond has taken up the theme of society's collapse as the result of environmental exhaustion. He uses the two examples: one of the Nordic Vikings who inhabited Greenland in the early part of the 2nd millennium, and the Easter Islanders who chopped all of their trees down and thus extincted themselves. The Nordic immigrants could not culturally adjust to the Greenland environment. Proud Nords insisted on raising crops and raising livestock, refusing to eat fish, which were endlessly abundant, thereby exhausting the land and resulting in the elimination of the Nordic settlement by the middle of the millennium.

Man is an inbred creature, intra-mentally associated with the taboos, blindnesses, and impressions of those with whom one has shared a common existence. Man also tends to derive his self-esteem and his sense of peace from that amorphous ambiguity of the fellow man and the community. A shared language relates the everyday existence within sub-groups of the species.

In the modern world, we exist as parts of a worldwide human machine, but we still understand ourselves and our roles in that machine within and not removed from the context of our experience with the machine. And since we live in such an anonymous world, the idea of the human community as something as alien and unknown as a machine indicates our detachment, our feelings of dependence, and a fear of helplessness because each of us has to perform some role within the huge division of labor on the planet. We are not self-reliant farmers or tribal groups who can feed, clothe, and shelter themselves without the need for grocery stores, without the need of gasoline for the automotive commutes, and not spending 3 or 4 hours a day shopping and accumulating stuff at various stores and malls. And whereas tribal groups were on intimate life-long terms with the members of their community upon whom they depended, modern man has only an icon of an anonymous someone to thank for all the conveniences of modern living. In more simpler times about 100 years ago, before the rise of the financial giants called corporations, this was much less so than it is now. We live within an inbred philosophical reality.

Another book I picked up (or rather found in a box by the door to the faculty room) concerned how to make money on the stock market. On the cover poised two confident looking men with arms folded across their chest, and a slightly smirking, self-assured grin. Ah, yes, making money on the stock market, or rather, reducing our role as members of the community into a small cell wherein we join mutual societies called mutual funds for the promise of mutually making money. Adduced with a simple notion of cause and effect, profit becomes the sole importance of the social network. The human machine thus charts and statistically analyzes itself, hoping to manipulate the rhythms of up and down, the gyrations of buying, selling and supplies that is at the very utmost central root is just a representation of all that is grown, mined, and built on and-or from the earth. The planet earth is the medium used by which man manipulates other men and profits so as to hope to obtain the lavish fruits of the great extraction system that mankind has created. Earth has been rather passive so far, but this will not last. The society of modern man will also collapse because of the pressures of a decimated environment.

This alone is, to me, what is so damn annoying about those who espouse the "business friendly" argument which excoriates tree-hugging environmentalists and impish weak libr'uls who live off of government salaries and grants because they can't hack it in the "real world."

Like, grow up. Don't equate anti-business with being smart about the environment. Some people might want to ride the hog and burn the house down, but then you give a 14 year-old one million dollars and no responsibility and see what happens. And that thing called "the real world" is ambiguous and ephemeral, and probably is just a mirror image of the self's illusion.

Friday, 7 January 2005 at 1h 19m 28s

On vacation

Sorry Y'all. I've been mentally and spiritually on vacation. I will reappear again in a couple of days.


Wednesday, 15 December 2004 at 5h 21m 30s

The crisis as a hoax

Okay, so now we have a plan to offer younger workers a small portion of their paycheck towards private wall street accounts, as if this is a solution to the problem of the system running out of money by 2052 (according to the Congressional Budget Office.) That's 48 years from now.

Its what the letter of the law states which our congresspersons never read that is important. All this hype is just the perfunctory ritual excuse that is supposed to justify what they intend to write insidiously and esoterically into the thousand page booklets that are called Congressional legislation. Most Congresspersons (probably almost all) do not read the legislation over which they vote. Some read what they need to and depend heavily on their staff to cull and filter the enormous body of correspondence and legislation which really is too much for anyone person to handle. Some persons know how to create a staff, some persons accept the suggestions on whom to hire on their staff to the extent that the staff sets the agenda.

So these fools have a great idea that is meant to be a show of decisive action. You see, we have a "crisis." At least the corporate media outlets all say so, blaring dramatic sounds and colorful, prominent banners. Follow the parade. Borrowing one trillion dollars called "transition costs," the idea is meant to offer younger workers the right to divert a portion of their payroll taxes into private wall street accounts. But no one can explain how this diversion of funds from the general insurance fund is supposed to help the long term stability of the Social Security System.

Oh, but in 10 years the "efficiency" will more than pay for the initial cost in "savings." Huhn? Where are these savings going to come from? The only problem with social security is the need to secure a large stable source of funds. The costs of having social security are only 2 percent. What the hell do efficiency and savings have to do with this defunct, inert notion of privatization? They mean profitization. Someone wants to make some more money off you, and promise that you will make more money too.

People confuse insurance with profitable investments. The idea behind the Social Security Insurance is to spread the costs of society over the entire population. Unfortunately, political reality necessitated certain modifications. All persons are taxed at the same rate of 7.5%. But this percentage does not apply to the entire amount of income. Only the first $87,500 is taxed. So if you have a collective income of 2 million dollars, you only pay 7.5% on the $87,500 ($6562.50.) The rest of that income ( 2 million minus 87,500) is not taxed!!! That is a difference of $143,437.50 in taxes !!!!!

Now you might say that is great. A tax savings of $143,437.50. But the choice before us is not as simple as applying the same tax percentage. If the cap on the percentage was raised, the percentage could be reduced. The tax on those with more than $87,500 would increase but not by nearly as much, because the tax percentage could also be reduced to say 4 percent. The vast majority of tax payers would get a 3.5% tax break.

The idea of insurance is simple. If a large group of people each pay a small amount of money into a general fund, all of the needs of the group can be met because the averages will spread out over time. Thus if 140 million people each pay 5 percent of their income into a general fund, we as a society can pay for all of the needs we need. Despite the Neo-Hobbesian social-darwinists belief in a society free of government meddling, mandkind has always taxed the citizens to perform functions necessary for the whole. In primitive tribal society, members had understood responsibilities and duties to the group. In our polyglot, anonymous social order, we form a government to perform and coordinate these necessary tasks.

Diverting funds to some other fee-based system removes from the pool those citizens who feel economically secure. This defeats the ability to spread the costs because since the numbers involved are reduced, the burden per person goes up.

What's more, because social insurance is not run for a profit, the overhead (the expenses above the deposited funds) is only 2 percent of the total funds. In private accounts, the fees and the services can run as high as 35% of total funds. But you didn't think their is any altruism in private-minded investment brokers. Greed can pretend to be mutually beneficial, but then, it is you who provide the funds. The reality is that greed means little when beset by those who have the upper-hand. You are just depositing money in an account and trusting that the movers and shakers are gonna send you a fat check every month. As history shows, there really is no guarantee. Through no fault of your own, you could be the poor fool who suffers losses on his investments, then goes bankrupt and winds up homeless at age 62. Or the sad one who loses an arm in an accident, and can't work. Or the man who suddenly becomes blind at age 31. Or the woman (man) with children whose husband (wife) suddenly dies.

We don't want to leave the care of our children, the injury to our workers, and the retirement of our older persons to chance. As a society we tax ourselves to provide the funds for these services. We must get the debate away from one that is either for or against the system as a whole, and start focusing on the best way to spread out the financial burden on our taxpayers.

Don't be misled by the subtle propaganda of the profiteers who wish to dismantle the system for their own gain, nothing else. What a shame that such small minded fools even offer such a hoax and actually call it reform.

Friday, 10 December 2004 at 5h 5m 50s

The Bushites and the con game

It has been some weeks now since I last wrote a letter to the editor. I did not bother to respond to the four or five letters of criticism that followed that last letter. There was no need to defend myself to persons who would never listen, given that how they responded was indicative of their ignorance. You cannot reason with people who like to believe they've made up their mind about something and cannot admit that they might not be accurate or correct in their assessment.

They believe differently, and they can't explain how or why, but you who have a valid disagreement are still wrong, simply because you don't believe the same thing. It is really that simple.

One thing I have learned in the last 10 years : you do not have to respond to criticism. The truth, wherever it may be, cannot be proven. That might be hard to accept, but in the realm of ideology, proof is whatever you cling to that justifies what you want to believe. Occassionally, the weight of evidence causes the roof to cave in, but when the capacity to believe what you want still exists, people will take the evidence that points in the chosen direction. Some of us don't like the shit to stack too high before we start cleaning house; the rest of us are just full of shit. Accept this, without emotional reaction, and move on.

That being said, I am still amazed at the silly audacity of what suffices for a rebuttal. One man, named Steve Smith lambasted me because I attached my public title. He commented that he stopped writing letters but decided he'd make an exception for me. Funny that Mr. Smith is actually a regular letter writer, who only 2 weeks ago published another, in what was probably his tenth this year (out of 52 issues, 20 percent.) Me, I've sent 2 all year, and both were published.

One fellow said I was a perfect example of why public schools are destroying education, and then said that he would vote no the next time a public vote on school bonds was held. I thought that was funny.

I was told how off base I was. One of the writers mentioned the Buffalo 6 in rebuttal to my statement that "not one conviction" has occurred against any terrorist despite being held in Guantanamo for 2 years. If only this writer had done a google on the "Buffalo 6" and he would have found that the conviction was thrown out. This writer no doubt watched the puffery on corporate television and thought he got the real scoop. When the television that brought him his reality stopped telling him the story, he kept that initial vision of reality in his mind, frozen like a 2 year old steak in the freezer. And still he wants to cook me that steak and call it substance.

The criticism I have concerns the way the Bush Administration is handling these terrorists. Why do real terrorists like Saudi's get to leave the country without inspection, but we quickly arrest 6 fools in Buffalo who happen to be in a mosque that was used by a terrorist agent as a recruiting ground. Why does the Bush administration blow the cover of 2 (yes, not one but 2) undercover agents who are involved in rooting out terrorists? Why does the Bush administration spend 200 billions on the Iraq debacle, but nothing, not one cent, on beefing up protection in the United States? Why aren't the ships and plane cargo inspected? Why aren't the nuclear plants guarded?

If indeed, this truly is war on "terror," how come the homefront is not protected? Why are the FBI and homeland security using the Patriot Act to investigate peaceful groups that have nothing to do with "terrorism" when that was the reason why the Act was passed in the first place?

Remember those Anthrax letters addressed from Iraq. The entire Congress had to vacate because of those letters.

Another man accused me of being mean and out of my mind. He couldn't believe that what I said might be true, like it is somehow my fault that he is not paying attention. All you have to do is watch the TV and believe your armchair philosophy is applicable despite historical fact. But then facts are just concoctions of the vast liberal conspiracy that owns 95 percent of all media.

This other man called me a mean spiteful person, and then said I called him names when I said "this is stupidity and arrogance" while referring to the Bush administration policy. The Bush con is that Iraq is due to a "failure of intelligence" which is a pile of shit higher than a Haight-Ashbury hippie. The Bush gang did what they wanted to do because they have a vast hubris of infallibility, aka stupid arrogance. I was not referring to people in the audience of readers as "stupid and arrogant." Anyone with a fair mind could understand this, but this is just the ole subconscious ploy of moral distraction. You can't handle the argument, so you castigate the appearance.

Or as I've heard on the Bill James show, "If you have the facts on your side, you bang on the facts. If you don't have the facts on your side, you bang on the table."

Friday, 3 December 2004 at 2h 32m 19s

Today's daily philosophical ramble

These days we live in a world of an arrogant and powerful aristocracy. There are plenty of fawning followers who collectively make cconsiderably less money than any ten of the dominant families. There are plenty of the less than powerful who still hope for fame, wealth, or power but are content to merely get by day after day. Sometimes power is obtained through psychological means, whereby one person guilt-trips another, knowing there is line of control in that small special domain. Wealth by itself is not necessarily the creator of a baneful mentality, much as fame does not necessarily accrue to those who are truly talented nor to those who strive -- although the loudspeakers of corporate media do tend to fawn over those who are willing to inflate themselves like bouncing balloons for the national cameras.

No it seems that mentalities are randomly dispersed among the panorama of wealth and power. There are massive accumulations of interacting members of the rich and powerful, but this is merely because those who are willing to strive and sacrifice their integrity will tend to fill the ranks of the rich and powerful, unless they are there by birth. Of course there are countless exceptions, but the exceptions do not defy the averages. This is the inherent state of mankind at this stage of population growth. This is the result of a world in which anonymous people perform tasks and control aspects of life and society in total ignorance of the lives of those whom they affect. A certain perspective of one's rank and position becomes more relevant than the actual reality of that rank and position, which is the breeding ground for hubris and vouchsafed arrogance.

Thursday, 2 December 2004 at 2h 39m 34s

Steam that consciousness

Sometime in the future you should try this. Don't bother to think about what words flow out of your stream of consciousness, and just allow yourself to ramble. The point is to not care what words you say, and just let yourself grab whatever words float to your mind.

The amazing thing is that your sub-conscious will innately create something. Try it. Write down what words come to mind if you care to do so. Once the mind is allowed to flow like an opened faucet, the mind is automatically spilling what is quite natural to its existence. This is the idea behind meditation. Your mind produces thoughts automatically. You don't have to try to have a thought, because the mere process is itself a thought. What you call yourself is nothing but a long history of compiled thoughts by which you have come to understand both yourself and the world in which you exist, albeit affected by the other phenomenom and people in your immediate environment.

So when you let it rip, the results can be rather interesting, and often revealing.

The blue coat was next to a bird which had nothing but songs to sway the abuse of a hot sun that was the afterthought of some long extravagent winter when everyone was next to impoverishment in their relationship with the ethos of wonder.

-- you see what I mean.

Thursday, 2 December 2004 at 2h 25m 31s

That word, socialism, why is it misused?

One thing that really irritates me occurs whenever I hear or read someone of self-proclaimed conservative bent misuse the word "socialist." The word is usually uttered in the pejorative sense, in order to disembowel something they dislike by hinting about something akin to a government bureaucracy . You talk about nationalized health care, and the idea is labeled as "socialism" or "socialistic."

Honestly however, I don't think such a person really understands what the word "socialist" means, or what "socialism" is -- and is not. And what then, could the adjective "socialistic" be, in this already befuddling context.

That's why I think it is high time for a spotlight on definitions.

First, let's go look up the words socialism and socialist in a dictionary. How about

so·cial·ism n.
1.)Any of various theories or systems of social organization in which the means of producing and distributing goods is owned collectively or by a centralized government that often plans and controls the economy.
2.)The stage in Marxist-Leninist theory intermediate between capitalism and communism, in which collective ownership of the economy under the dictatorship of the proletariat has not yet been successfully achieved.

so·cial·ist n.
1.)An advocate of socialism.
2.) A member of a political party or group that advocates socialism.
3.)Of, promoting, or practicing socialism.
4.)Socialist Of, belonging to, or constituting a socialist party or political group.

so·cial·is·tic adj. Of, advocating, or tending toward socialism     

The key component here is the first definition, by which "socialism" is a"social organization in which the means of producing and distributing goods is owned collectively or by a centralized government that often plans and controls the economy. "

How is nationalized health care in anyway related to a centralized government planning and controling the economy? Here we are just talking about paying for the medical treatment of all the citizens of the United States with taxes, sort of like a national insurance premium that pays the medical bills. The only thing centralized is the bank account where the funds are kept. All decisions are made by doctors and hospitals across the country. Government regulators and auditors ensure safety and pursue fraud, not plan or control the economy.

Calling nationalized health care "socialistic" is equally flawed, because it is not "tending" towards centralized planning. Local communities make these decisions in conjunction with the hospitals, doctors, and government officials. This is how America works. People are invited to discuss what is in the best interest of the community, and decisions are made. Sometimes this simply makes economic sense. All of us, companies and businesses and workers and citizens, all of us are held hostage by insurance companies and the privatization of health care for profit.

If people want to say this is somehow socialistic, then I think they really only indicate a certain disposition favoring profit and individualism at the expense of the society as a whole. People are not fully comprehending the meaning of the words they use. They are reacting emotionally and using words like a philosophical salve for ignorance.

Wednesday, 24 November 2004 at 1h 33m 2s

Martha Stewart, the scapegoat for herr Bush

One of the students in my 6th period class mentioned the name of Martha Stewart when I was presenting them a problem involving 2 investments in securities. Two unknown amounts of investment A & B purchase 2 types of securities ( 8% and 10%) with the intention of earning $30,000 in yearly interest, and the restriction that the amount invested in the high risk 10% security is only 1/3 rd of the more stable 8% investment. While the students were copying down the word problem I explained securities to the students as a contract where you buy someone's promise to pay you a certain percentage of the investment every year.

So of course in the mind of said student, Martha Stewart was the image that floated to the top. I think the comment was literally something like "you mean, like Martha Stewart."

What I find to be a shame concerns how little people understand about why Martha Stewart was sent prison, and also how ignorant most people are about our current president's own rich 12-plus-year past as a CEO of three shady oil exploration firms.

In 1990-91, Dubya Bush was a chairperson of the finance board of Harken Energy. During his duration at Harken, Dubya was privy to the various economic shenanigans that came to be "Enron-esque" and "Anderson-like" in the financial scandals summer of 2002. In order to conceal its losses, in 1989 ( attribution )

"The company's executives decided to sell Aloha Petroleum Ltd., a chain of Hawaiian gas stations, for $12 million to a group of investors that included Harken's chair and one of its directors. These Harken officials paid $1 million in cash and gave Harken an $11 million IOU for Aloha, a transaction known as a seller-financed loan. Although there were no payments scheduled on the loan for years to come, the company — in an Enronesque move — posted a $7.9 million current profit on the sale. "

Now Bush was a member of the finance committee, so either Bush knew, he wasn't at the meeting, or he was absent -- but these were the years when Dubya was supposed to have been a born again sober man.

You can consult the same site to learn about how Dubya himself was involved in an insider trading deal.

In 1986, Bush borrowed approximately $96,000 from Harken to purchase 80,000 shares of Harken stock. This loan was part of a generous stock option program that was available only to the corporate brass. Harken did not require repayment on the principal for eight years and charged Bush only five percent annual interest, well below the then-prevailing prime rate of 7.5 percent. You probably could never secure such terms for your home mortgage or any other loan. To secure the loan, Bush pledged the 212,000 shares of Harken he already owned, in addition to the 80,000 shares he purchased. In 1988, Bush borrowed another $84,000 from Harken to purchase an additional 25,000 shares of Harken stock on similarly favorable terms.

In 1989, according to the New York Times, Harken released the original 212,000 shares as collateral from the 1986 loan and removed "any personal liability to [Bush]" on that loan. So if the value of the 80,000 shares dropped to less than the amount of the loan, Bush would not lose a dime, since all he had to do was return the collateral — the 80,000 Harken shares he had purchased. Indeed, Bush later returned the stock he had acquired through the insider loans, whereupon Harken cancelled the indebtedness....

What exactly was the problem with Bush's sale of Harken stock?
The controversy centered around the fact that he sold the stock shortly before the company announced major losses; after that announcement, the stock's value dropped by more than half. Here is the chronology according to various reports:

June 6, 1990: Bush (who was at the time on Harken's board and a member of its audit committee) received the company's "flash report," which according to the Washington Post, predicted second quarter losses in the neighborhood of $4 million.

June 8, 1990: According to the Los Angeles Times, Ralph Smith, a stockbroker, placed a "cold call" to Bush offering to purchase his Harken shares. Bush said he would reply within a couple of weeks.

June 11, 1990: Bush attended a meeting at which a representative of Harken's audit firm, Arthur Andersen, warned of a loss that "could be potentially significant." Although no amount was specified in the meeting, the auditors indicated that the losses would surpass the $4 million forecast in the "flash report." (In fact, Harken would ultimately report a loss of $23 million.)

June 22, 1990: Shortly after getting the transaction approved by Harken's lawyers, Bush sold 212,140 of his 317,152 Harken shares for $848,560.

July 10, 1990: Under SEC requirements, this was the deadline for Bush to publicly report his sale of the stock. He failed to file the report until March of 1991. For reasons Bush has not explained, although he signed the form, he did not date it.

August 20, 1990: Harken publicly announced second quarter losses of just over $23 million. The stock, which had opened at $3 per share, closed at $2.37.

August 21, 1990: Despite the losses reported the day before, Harken's stock price rebounded to $3 per share. However, the overall trend was downwards, and by the end of 1990 Harken's share price had dropped to $1. (Today, Harken's stock trades for about the price of a candy bar on the American Stock Exchange.)

Bush was investigated by the SEC, but was handled with kid gloves. The final report did not however exonerate Bush, despite his false claims that he was "vetted." The final SEC report on the transaction merely notes a close to the examination, and explicitly states that "it should not be construed" as a statement that no wrongdoing took place. The SEC just stopped investigating. Dubya's daddy was president at the time, and it was already bad enough that Herbert Walker's other son Neil Bush was running away from a bank scandal involving illegal loans at Silverado bank in Colorado. It was bad for the party to have that kind of publicity.

So wait, Bush was a member of the CEO, with stock essentially given to him by the corporation?

What about Martha Stewart? What did she do? One of my students asked me that question, because the name Martha Stewart may be known, but not the details.

Martha Stewart sold 4,000 shares (not 212,140, a la Bush) on ImClone stock based on a tip from a friend that the company was tanking. She only owned the stock. She was not a member of the board, and so, unlike Bush, she did not participate in the day to day financial operations of the company. No one loaned her the stock. She was an independent investor, not an inside trader, because she was not on the inside. Someone passed on a tip.

Interestingly enough, Martha Stewart was not even sent to prison for a year for insider trading. ( from the Cato Institute )

James Comey, the federal prosecutor behind the Stewart case, says he went after Stewart "not because of who she is but because of what she did." But that's hard to believe given the audacious legal theory Comey used to pursue her. Comey didn't charge Stewart with insider trading. Instead, he claimed that Stewart's public protestations of innocence were designed to prop up the stock price of her own company, Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, and thus constituted securities fraud. Stewart was also charged with making false statements to federal officials investigating the insider trading charge -- a charge they never pursued. In essence, Stewart was prosecuted for "having misled people by denying having committed a crime with which she was not charged," as Cato Institute Senior Fellow Alan Reynolds put it.

Did you get that? This is called burning the barn down so people won't notice the burglars in the main house.

Tuesday, 23 November 2004 at 2h 39m 40s

The invasion to depose a despot in perspective

So how many places on planet Earth is the US military not located? Whether as advisors, military base hands, or actively involved in brigades or regiments, the US military is on every continent and every ocean of the Earth. The French, Spanish, British, Portuguese, and Dutch all had "possessions" across the globe. Britain, France, and the other European powers certainly carved up Africa into slices and pieces of political ownership over a period of two or 300 years. The customary method of rule was to appoint local dictators or strongmen supported by military police, but their were notable exceptions. Africa since the colonial revolutions of the 1960's has been a sea of military dictatorships, coup d'etats, and civil wars largely because of the way the military history of the colonial era.

So why do we think a military solution will bring democracy now, while we try to snuff out those scurrilous "insurgents" in Iraq? When the war is over, the need to continue the use of the military means the war is not really over. However, lets briefly analyze the history the last couple of wars.

In Persian Gulf War number one in 1991, when the US coalition pulled out, Saddam was allowed to fly military helicopters fly over rioting Shiite and Kurdish cities and kill the "insurgents." The war was officially over, but the quelling of the populace was not, and thus the fight between the government and the "insurgents" continued.

The 9 year Iran and Iraq war in the 1980s was never more than a bloody stalemate that drained the resources and populations of both. The United States decided to supply military weapons and biological weapons to Saddam in hopes that he could agree to a pipeline to the Mediterranean. Members of the Reagan administration were also making deals with the Iranians, selling them arms and then siphoning off the funds into the drug market to raise funds that were supplying the Nicaraguan contras. The Contras were paramilitary squads trained at the school of the Americas in South Carolina. These were operatives who assassinated nuns and priests because of their political involvement. They would pose as ordinary citizens and wiggle their way into the bureaucracy. And they were trained in South Carolina to do this in Nicaragua.

But Nicaragua was communist. Daniel Ortega became President after the horrible dictatorship of Bautista as a member of the communist party.

But I veer off course. All these wars or military political involvement had a beginning and an end. We are not fighting insurgents in Iraq because we necessarily want a free Iraq. We are killing those people because we do not intend to leave until Iraq has a government that we want. We got involved on both sides of the Iran-Iraq war because it was in our best interest that the 2 nations fight each other. Don't be so naive if you think otherwise. The members of the Reagan administration didn't like the government of Daniel Ortega, and was willing to fund internal "insurgents" to destabalize the government.

Now if you take the tack that we were fighting "communism" or justifying our involvement because we were ensuring freedom, those ideals are quite nobel and you should be commended. They are not the results however of our involvement. Daniel Ortega was a native historical figure responding to a historical event in the wake of the fall of the Nicaraguan Baustista dictatorship. He is like a Robert E. Lee rising to the occassion, except the American civil war was more militaristic. What would Americans think if Britain invaded our country because Lincoln won the Civil war, or if London trained and supplied guerrilla units in the five years after 1865?

Can we really be so blinded by patriotism that we cannot see the hypocrisy?

Vietnam? when did it start? when did it end? The Vietnamese rose up against the French after World War 2. The US gradually go involved since the mid- 1950s, getting to the peak of 1968 when "over half a million US soldiers were deployed and US casualties ran at over 1,000 a week." (attribution) The war never really ended, but rather gradually disentegrated as the South Vietnamese were slowly left to implode into abject corruption from 1973, until Saigon was overrun by North Vietnamese tanks in 1975.

After the Korean War, a fortefied barbed wire wall divided the country into 2 waring camps and 2 divergent economic systems. Once again, the response was of native origin. It is arguable that the post-war boom in the South Korean would not have happened had the Northern Communists not been beaten back by the American troops. But now we have a country brutally divided for 50 years, and no solution in sight. There are still 37,000 US troops stationed at bases in South Korea.

To discover more about US troop deployment from 1950 to 2003, see the report by the Heritage foundation here.

To read about the American military bases around the world, see the military's own center here. At this time there are a lot less than there used to be in the 1980s during the Reagan military buildup. The First Bush administration and the Clinton trimmed the number of bases in the world, to reduce costs and become more efficient.

The United States began obtaining bases when Hawaii was annexxed and the Spanish-American War enabled the United States to form protectorates over the Phillipines and Cuba. The civil war in the Phillipines against the American soldiers were still killing American soldiers until 1914 or so, even though the "splendid little war" (as it was called at the time) putatively ended after only 3 months, when Spain surrendered. Yet in both Cuba and the Philipines, both overthrew dictatorships created and abetted by the United States. So what exactly is the history of United States involvement in the affairs of other nations, save Germany and Japan ? In both those nations, we maintained troops peacefully after the armistice to World War Two was signed. Yet both nations had already created a native republican type government, albeit both were hijacked by nationalist rulers bent upon using the military in pursuit of global conquest. These is not a comparable examples. The armistice was signed by distinct representative of 2 nations.

We are not repeating the noble creations of post-war Germany and Japan. We are not fending off a Northern military from taking over the south. We are not even kicking the butt of a weak European power, so that we can takeover and promote the government of our choosing. We went in and took out the dictator whom only 15 years earlier we supported while pursuing our national strategy of foreign policy. We didn't support an internal milita to have a coup d'etat, which has been done before by many nations. We just did what Stalin did after World War Two, sending into East Europe to ensure the political leadership of post-war Europe; or what Japan did in Manchuria; or what Caesar did in Gaul. All the reasons were noble, yet essentially militaristic. The security of the invading nation was at risk. Those Eastern European nations could cause Russia to disentegrate into ethnic pieces (as was eventually the case.) Japan could not have an unfriendly Manchuria on its borders, and needed reassurance. And the Romans could not afford a fiesty independent-minded Gaul on their Northern perimeter, and thus they must be bludgeoned into submission.

Or perhaps the Hapsburgs battling the patriots of the Netherlands in the 1600s would be a good analogy? The armies of the emperor invaded Holland and deposed the government, because of the heresay of the protestant religion rising up and creating a Republican monarchy.

If the issue is terrorism, it seems to me that there are better ways of fighting and corraling the ability of terrorist groups to function. If the issue is about oil, the invasion to secure the oil contracts is a poor response to a problem that can only be handled effectively with conservation and alternative energy sources.